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Saturday, January 19, 2013

Shortwave converter! (Old text file)


                                 Parts List

C1      Optional capacitor.  Use 150pF with 5 Mhz crystal, or 47pF with 8 Mhz
        If using crystal ò 10 Mhz omit this capacitor.

C2      33 pF
C3,C5   220 pF
C4      .047 æF
D1      Zener diode between 5.1v - 6.2v (2N4691 or equivalent)
R1      1Kê, ¬ watt resistor
U1      NE602N  Frequency Converter IC
T1      10.7 Mhz miniature IF transformer (green core)
XTAL    5 Mhz or 8 Mhz crystal, or other values (see text file XTAL.TXT)
        One for each band you like to listen to

8-pin DIP socket (for U1)

J1,J2   RCA jacks  [J2 is optional, see note 3 below]

Motorola plug (optional.  If installing converter externally, use for
connecting cable to car radio's antenna jack).  Radio Shack parts #274-711

14-pin wire-wrap socket and 14-pin DIP headers for mounting crystals
Optional (see file XTAL.TXT)

Hookup wire




1) Virtually any construction method (point-to-point wiring, wire wrapping,
   etc.) should work, but a printed circuit board is recommended for both
   ease and neatness of construction. PC board construction would probably
   also help minimize undesirable RF interference from strong local broadcast
   stations.  See file READ.ME for source of PC board.

2) Connect external antenna to J1 (it works with anything over 2', but better
   results are obtained with longer lengths.

3) J2 connects to car radio's antenna jack.  If mounting the converter inside
   the car radio, omit J2 and run a wire directly from where the center
   connector of J2 is indicated to the car radio's antenna jack, otherwise
   use coax cable to connect from J2 to car radio antenna jack (see note 3).

4) It is strongly suggested that you install the converter inside the
   chassis of the car radio (it simplifies the wiring and reduces noise). If
   you do not have room to do so, use a metal case for the converter and a
   SHORT length of shielded coax cable for the connection from the converter
   to the car radio's antenna jack.

5) Connect +12 volt power input to car radio's on/off switch.  That way you
   can turn both radio and converter on with that switch.

6) When everything is working, tune in a shortwave station near the middle of
   the dial and adjust the slug of T1 for the strongest signal.

7) You may use a signal generator or crystal oscillator to calibrate the
   dial, if desired.

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